Claude Moet was a French wine merchant who, in 1743, established one of the world’s largest champagne producers and a famous champagne house, Moët et Chandon. Toward the end of the 18th century, Claude Moët’s grandson, Jean-Remy Moët, introduced champagne to the world and Moët marketed its first vintage in 1842. The vineyard has 1,150 hectares of rich chalk soil, of which 50% are grand crus and 25% are premiers crus, The rich flavour and colour of champagne results from combining three different types of grapes: Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay, which come from vineyards in all of the five main areas of Champagne, so they have the luxury of choosing the best. Each grape varietal shares its own special qualities to Moët & Chandon champagnes. They now produce approximately 26 million bottles of champagne annually.